Katate-dori – Single-hand grab. One hand grabs one wrist (on same side, ie not across body).Katate kosa-dori– Cross hand grab.Ryo-temochi(orMorote-dori)–Both-handsgrab.Bothhandsgrabonewrist;thelowerhandshouldbeontheinside,closer to the Uke’s palm.Ryote-dori–Twohandsgrab.BothoftheUke’swristsareheld;onebyeachoftheTori’shands.Sometimeswrittenas expansion of katate-dori to include both hands, ie ryo-katate-dori.Kata-dori – Shoulder grab. A shoulder grab. "Both-shoulders-grab" is ryo-kata-dori. Mune-dori – Chest grab. Grabbing the (clothing of the) chest.
Shomen-uchi–Front-of-the-headstrike.Averticalknife-handstriketothehead(butfollowthrough,asifslicingtonavel).In training, this is directed at the forehead or the crown for safety.Yokomen-uchi – Side-of-the-head strike. A diagonal knife-hand strike to the side of the head or neck.Mune-tsuki – Chest thrust. A punch to the torso. Targets include the chest, abdomen, and solar plexus. Ganmen-tsuki – Face thrust. A punch to the face.
Method of Attack
Theukeusuallyattackswithhis/herrighthandfirstsothetorihastopresenttheappropriatehand.Thisisusuallytheleft handbutforsomeattacks,katatekosidoriforexample,thetoripresentstheirrighthand.Movesarerepeatedonbothsides, left and right, to maintain balance. Mostmovesarepractisedstaticallyatfirst,toshowthedetailofthetechnique,butoncethisismasteredtheycanbedone dynamically.Inthiscase,theukemakesthesameattackbutmovingin;thetoriwillseektoavoidthegrab,punch,kick,choke by doing the counter move before the actual grab, punch, etc occurs (but still within the uke’s flow).Theukeisanactiveparticipantinthemove.Theyshouldattackrealisticallybutalsobecompliantandflowwiththetori’scounter; ie not be deliberately difficult! To be ‘realistic’:The uke should maintain their ki, ie not lunge forward off balance;The uke should not swing their arm out wide to grab (dori) the tori but come in straight, from behind their hip;‘Grabs’, on wrist or shoulder, should be firm to give the tori something to work with (but not so tight that it hurts);Theukeshouldmakeapositiveattempttograbthetori’swrist(s),shoulderetcevenifthetoricountersinsucha way that the grab never actually occurs;Punches(tsuki)andstrikes(uchi)shouldbecentredandwithfollowthrough,asifforreal,andnotofftooneside, flabbyorprematurelyterminated.Theymayhoweverbemadeslowlytogivethetoriachancetopractisetheir counter moves.
Ikkyo (pronounced ik-e-o) – first pinning technique – press arm: (thumbovertheirthumb,3rdand4thfingershookedoverbackoftheirhand. Otherhandontheirbicep.KeepUke’sarmstraight;changetonikyoifit bends. Move Uke down to ground)Nikyo (or nikkyo) – second pinning technique – turn wrist:(fingers over uke’s fingers bending hand back on itself, bring uke straight down)Sankyo – third pinning technique – twist wrist, directing upward, spiral tension through arm, elbow and shoulder.(twist wrist so palm faces out, fingers down in front of uke’s chest)Yonkyo – fourth pinning technique – press wrist:(onehandholdsukeasforikkyo;2ndhandholdswristofsameukehandwithtori’sfirstfingerfirstjointpressinginto pressure point, radial nerve, on side of uke’s wrist)
Actions by Tori:
Irimi – To enter or entering. Move, face into an opponent’s space.Tenshin (sometimes seen as Tenkan) – Turning. Moving to the side, outside of an opponent’s space.Tai-no-henka – BlendingKokyu-nage–loosetermforvariousmovesthatdonotusejointlocksortwistsasusedinothertechniques.TheToribrings onehandupfrontofUke’sbody,overfaceandthencomesdown,extendingkioverUke’sface,droppingtheUketothe ground without touching them (I wonder if this is why it is called a ‘breath’ throw?).Shiho-nage–knownasthe4directionthrow(Ithinkbecausethereare4waysUkecanbethrown)butiswhenthehandis folded back past the shoulder, locking the shoulder joint, and is then brought down to fell the attacker.Rule of thumb is that if uke (or attacker) pulls you toward them then use Irimi; if they push then use Tenshin.